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NGO for Children with Cerebral Palsy, ADHD, Autistic, Aspergers, Mentally Retarted, MR, Down Syndrome

                         

MOTHER AND CHILD WELFARE AND RESEARCH FOUNDATION INDIA is a NON-PROFIT secular organization, with RESIDENTIAL FACILITIES, Fully Equipped with the Pre school and School Session, providing Education and Training to all kinds of CHILDREN and ADULTS with Behavior Problems and Multiple Disabilities like Autism, Slow Learners, Aspergers, ADHD, Mental Retardation, Down Syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, Hearing, Speech and Visual Impairment, etc.


ADHD  ||  Aspergers  ||  Autism  ||  Cerebral Palsy  ||  Down Syndrome

 

What is Cerebral Palsy ?

Cerebral palsy occurs when part of the brain is damaged or has not developed properly. This will have happened before birth, at the time of birth or in early childhood. The affected area of the brain is one of the parts that controls movement. This results in difficulties in balance and movement. In some people, cerebral palsy is barely noticeable. Others will be more severely affected.

Cerebral palsy can affect people from all backgrounds. It is not contagious, nor is it usually inherited. It is often not possible for doctors to give a reason why part of a baby's brain has been injured or failed to develop.

How is it caused?

Some possible causes are:

The mother had an infection or illness in the early part of the pregnancy.

The baby had a difficult or premature birth. He or she may have had difficulty breathing after birth.

There could have been some bleeding in the baby's brain.

It could be the result of a brain infection or head injury in early childhood.
Movement is controlled by the brain and sends messages to the muscles as to how they should move. If the brain is damaged or has not developed properly, as in cerebral palsy the messages between the brain and the muscles are muddled and confused. This leads to lack of control and inco-ordination of movements.

There are three types of cerebral palsy, depending on which part of the brain is affected - Spastic, Athetoid and Ataxic.

Many people with cerebral palsy have a combination of two or more types.

Spastic cerebral palsy

In this type of cerebral palsy the muscles are stiff and this tightness results in difficulty moving. This is the most common form of cerebral palsy. Spasticity may affect part of the body or the whole body.

Athetoid cerebral palsy

People with athetoid cerebral palsy have involuntary movements, because their muscles quickly change from being tight to suddenly going floppy. Their speech can be hard to understand because they have difficulty controlling the muscles that we use for speaking. Hearing problems are also common. Athetosis affects the whole body.

Ataxic cerebral palsy

People with ataxic cerebral palsy have great difficulty in balance. They may have difficulty judging their position in relation to their surroundings. Ataxia affects the whole body. Most people with ataxic cerebral palsy can walk but they are unsteady. They may also have shaky hand movements and jerky speech.

Cerebral palsy is not progressive, it does not become more severe as the child gets older, although some difficulties may become more noticeable as the child grows. There is no cure for cerebral palsy at the present time.

Some people with cerebral palsy may have only mild problems, such as difficulties with fine motor activities, such as writing, and problems keeping balance when walking. Others may have more severe difficulties such not being able to sit or control head, or uncontrolled movements in the body.

People with cerebral palsy may have other difficulties or medical conditions, together with their movement problems. Nevertheless, it is important to remember that just because a person has cerebral palsy it does not mean that they will also have these difficulties.

Some people with cerebral palsy have convulsions or epilepsy. This can usually be helped with correct medicine.

Some people with cerebral palsy may have learning difficulties, which means they learn more slowly. These learning difficulties range from mild to severe. The person may have a 'specific learning difficulty', that is, a problem with a particular activity such as reading, drawing or arithmetic, because the part of the brain controlling these skills is also affected. However, it is important to remember that even someone who has severe physical problems may have average or above average intelligence.

Cerebral palsy may result in problems with speech which are sometimes associated with difficulties in eating and swallowing.

Cerebral palsy may result in impaired vision or hearing.

Early signs & diagnosis :

It is important for parents to take action as soon as their child is diagnosed as having a movement problem, which is often the first sign of cerebral palsy.

If children are positioned well from an early age and encouraged to play in a way that helps them to improve their posture and muscle control, they can be helped to develop more control over their movement and as independent as possible.

Correct physiotherapy, which helps the child to move and balance should begin as soon as possible.

A teacher trained to teach children with special needs can advise parents how to stimulate their children and help them to learn and communicate if they have speech difficulties.

Make sure he or she is included in all the activities that the family does together.

Many children with cerebral palsy can manage in mainstream schools, with teacher support. A nursery school will help social and learning development.



ADHD  ||  Aspergers  ||  Autism  ||  Cerebral Palsy  ||  Down Syndrome

 

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